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ICE Manual of Highway Design and Management

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Descripción

The ICE manual of highway design and management is a one-stop reference for all practicing engineers working in the field of highway engineering. Written and edited by a wide selection of leading specialists, this manual covers each of the key aspects of highway engineering projects – from funding, procurement and transport planning to traffic engineering, materials and design – as well as the management and maintenance of existing highways assets.


Características

  • ISBN: 9780727741110
  • Páginas: 766
  • Tamaño: 21x30
  • Edición:
  • Idioma: Inglés
  • Año: 2011

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Contenido ICE Manual of Highway Design and Management

The ICE manual of highway design and management is a one-stop reference for all practicing engineers working in the field of highway engineering. Written and edited by a wide selection of leading specialists, this manual covers each of the key aspects of highway engineering projects – from funding, procurement and transport planning to traffic engineering, materials and design – as well as the management and maintenance of existing highways assets.

Key features of the manual:

    Over sixty highly illustrated chapters covering all areas of highway engineering
    Includes case studies, common problems and practical advice throughout
    Useful references to further reading and websites at the end of each chapter

Part of the ICE manuals series, the ICE manual of highway design and management is an invaluable resource for engineers in design and engineering consultancies, government agencies, research institutes, universities and colleges. Its highly practical approach will guide and train readers towards achieving expertise in all aspects of this important field of engineering.

Contents

Contents and Preliminary Pages

Section 1: Financial, legal and contractual framework

Chapter 1 Highway Legislation: England and Wales
 
Introduction

Part I. Highway authorities and agreements between authorities (sections 1–9)
Part II. Trunk roads, classified roads, metropolitan roads, special roads (sections 10–23)
Part III. Creation of highways (sections 24–35)
Part IV. Maintenance of highways (sections 36–61)
Part V. Improvements of highways (sections 62–105)  
Part V A. Environmental impact assessments (sections 105 A-D)  
Part VI. Construction of bridges over and tunnels under navigable waters and diversions etc. of watercourses (sections 106–111)
Part VII. Provision of special facilities for highways (sections 112–115)
Part VII A. Provision of amenities on certain highways
Part VIII. Stopping up and diversion of a highway and stopping up of means of access to a highway (sections 116–129)  
Part IX. Lawful and unlawful interfaces with highways and streets (sections 130–185)
Part X. New streets (sections 186–202)
Part XI. Making up of private streets (sections 203–237)
Part XII. Acquisition, vesting and transfer of land etc. (sections 238–271)
Part XIII. Financial provision (sections 272–281)
Part XIV. Miscellaneous and supplementary provisions (sections 282–345) 1
References

Chapter 2 Highway Legislation: Scotland

Introduction

Part I: Public roads
Part II: Private roads
Part III: New roads
Part IV: Improvements and maintenance
Part V: Roads and building control
Part VI: Access and stopping up
Part VII: Bridges, tunnels and diversion of water
Part VIII: Interference and damage
Part IX: Acquisition, transfer, vesting and compensation
Part X: Miscellaneous  
Part XI: Offences
Part XII: Statutory undertakers
Part XIII: General  
Schedule 1: Procedures for making or confirming certain orders and schemes  
Schedule 2: Validity and date of operation of certain orders and schemes  
Schedule 3: Classes of traffic for purposes of special roads  
Schedule 4: Procedure for determination by roads authority of certain questions in connection with cattle-grids  
Schedule 5: Distance limits from public road for purposes of compulsory acquisition
Schedule 6: Special transitional provisions for trunk roads
Schedule 7: Restricted roads
Schedule 8: Penalties for offences  
Schedule 9: Minor and consequential amendments  
Schedule 10: Transitional provisions and savings
Schedule 11: Repeals

Chapter 3 Highway Legislation: Northern Ireland

Introduction
Primary legislation
The Roads (Northern Ireland) Order 1993  
Part I: Introduction
Part II: Construction, maintenance and improvement of roads
Part III: Special roads
Part IV: Improvement and safety of roads
Part V: Environmental assessment
Part VI: Abandonments and stopping up of roads and private accesses
Part VII: Lawful and unlawful interference with roads
Part VIII: Road ferries  
Part IX: Powers of the Department in relation to land
Part X: Miscellaneous and supplementary provisions  
The Schedules
The Private Streets (Northern Ireland) Order 1980 (as amended by
The Private Streets (Amendment) (Northern Ireland) Order 1992)  
Part I: Introduction 22 Part II: Laying out and construction of streets
Part III: Adoption of private streets as public roads
Part IV: Making up of private streets
Part V: Prior provision for expenses of street works in private streets  
Part VI: Miscellaneous
References

Chapter 4 Public procurement

Introduction  
Background and legal framework  
When do the regulations apply?  
What must be done to comply with the rules: the procurement process
What are the consequences of a failure to comply with the procurement rules?
References

Chapter 5 Funding the Highways Agency: estimates, funding, monitoring

Introduction
Central government organisation funding
Government agencies 38 Aim and objectives of the Highways Agency
The Highways Agency: roles, responsibilities and governance
The Highways Agency: business planning framework business plans  
The Highways Agency: financial and investment arrangements
References

Chapter 6 Major highway scheme finance

Introduction
Basic accounting definitions  
Highways Agency schemes funding  
Local authority schemes funding  
Developer funding
Community infrastructure levy (CIL)
Direct local authority funding  
Practical funding considerations for promoters  
References

Chapter 7 Highway capital maintenance

Introduction
block allocations
Highway capital maintenance funding  
2010/11 allocations levels
Future funding levels
References

Chapter 8 Revenue funding for maintenance activities

Background to revenue funding
The formula grant
Calculation of the highway maintenance element of the formula grant
Calculation of the capital financing element of the formula grant
Sources of further information

Chapter 9 Forms of contract for highway construction projects

Introduction
Introduction to highway construction contracts  
The use and importance of contracts in construction
Types and features of highway contracts 56 Statutory controls and impact
Tendering practice
Documents forming part of the construction contract  
The applicable law of the contract
Selection of the conditions of contract in practice
The ICE conditions of contract, 7th edition
The Engineering and Construction Contract 3rd Edition (NEC3)  
References

Chapter 10 National specification and design documents

CONTENTS Introduction
Design manual for roads and bridges
Interim Advice Notes
Manual of contract documents for highway works
References
Annex A
Annex B

Chapter 11 Local specifications and design documents

Introduction
Local specifications  
Local modifications to the specification for highway works  
Local design documents
References

Chapter 12 European Standards for products

Introduction
Mandates and essential requirements
The contents of a European Standard  
Durability 91 National guidance  
How Standards are produced  
Quality assurance under a European Standard  
Quality assurance and quality
References

Section 2: Transport planning

Chapter 13 Introduction to policy and practice


Introduction
The Strategic Planning Framework  
Roles and responsibilities
Policies, plans and programmes
Appraisal of transport plans
Highway scheme planning and implementation  
Impending changes to the planning system in England  
References

Chapter 14 Existing conditions and data

Introduction
Existing conditions and data
Types of survey 107 Developing the scope of surveys
Sources of existing information 108 Bespoke surveys
Traffic-related surveys for economic appraisal
Traffic-related surveys for environmental appraisal  
Summary
References

Chapter 15 Characteristics of transport and travel

Introduction
General trends in transport and travel
Private car travel
Freight traffic
Road traffic safety
Transport and travel choices
Summary  
References

Chapter 16 Estimating transport demand

Introduction
Choice of modelling approach
Demand models
Types of models
References

Chapter 17 Traffic models for highway schemes

Introduction
Multi-stage models  
Road traffic assignment models
Microsimulation models
Model calibration and validation
References

Chapter 18 Forecasting future conditions

Introduction
Principles of forecasting  
Future year forecasts
Traffic forecasts for use in scheme appraisal
References

Chapter 19 Scheme appraisal

Introduction  
National objectives for transport  
Local and regional objectives  
Improvements to identified problems
Other issues
Appraisal methodology
The Brief
Description of existing conditions
Planning factors
Description of scheme options
Traffic assessment
Cost estimates
Safety assessment  
Economic assessment
Environmental assessment
Operational assessment
Appraisal Summary Tables (ASTs)
Implementation programme
Conclusions
References

Chapter 20 Public consultation

Introduction
The Government's Code of Practice
Types of public consultation
The consultation process
Planning the consultation
Targeting the audience
Engaging consultees – the exhibition
Engaging consultees – the questionnaire  
Engaging consultees – focus groups
The Public Consultation Report  
Feedback
The outcome – influencing decision-makers  
References

Section 3: Traffic engineering

Chapter 21 Introduction, history, definition  


The history of traffic and its management

Chapter 22 Traffic engineering legislation

Introduction  
Current legislation  
References

Chapter 23 Traditional traffic management

Introduction
Site data collection
Junction control methods  
edestrian crossings  
Road markings and traffic signs
Vehicle movement restrictions  
Parking and loading restrictions  
References

Chapter 24 Capacity analysis

Introduction
Junction types and their capacity
Modelling the capacity of individual junctions
Junction modelling software  
Networks
Network modelling software
Micro-simulation software
Conclusion
References

Chapter 25 Highway layout and junction design

Introduction
Design speed  
Stopping sight distance (SSD)  
Horizontal alignment
Vertical alignment  
Minor access onto trunk roads  
Major/minor priority junctions (TA 42/95 and TD 41/95)  
Roundabouts
Grade separation  
Signalised junctions and roundabouts
Conclusion  
References

Chapter 26 Vehicle parking, waiting and loading

On-street parking
Off-street parking
Special users
Parking management
Credits
References

Chapter 27 Modern traffic management

Approach
Techniques  
Application  
Design considerations  
References

Chapter 28 Assisting public transport

Introduction
Road-based public transport
Traffic management measures
Parking management measures  
Bus lanes: with flow  
Bus lanes: contraflow
Bus-only streets and bus-ways  
Traffic signal control
Bus stop infrastructure
Bus priority: consideration of other road users
Evaluation of bus priority measures
References

Chapter 29 Road safety engineering

Introduction
Accidents  
Causes of crashes
Contribution and consequences of speeding
Types of crashes (accidents)
Accident data collection  
Road safety plans
Road safety engineering
Accident remedial schemes: process
Detailed site analysis  
Accident remedial measures
Measuring the effectiveness of accident remedial schemes
Road safety audits
References

Chapter 30 Intelligent transport systems

Introduction  
ITS and the ICE manual of highway design and management
Travel and traveller information  
Network management – urban
Junction and network performance
Network management – interurban
Road user charging, congestion charging and electronic toll systems
Driver assistance
Public transport travel information
Future ITS
European ITS Directive  
References

Section 4: Highway design principles and practice

Chapter 31 Highway design principles and practice: an introduction


Background
The design process
Conclusions
References

Chapter 32 Site investigation and foundation design

Introduction  
Stages of site investigation
Slope stability
Embankment fills  
Road pavement subgrade
Ground movement and subsidence
Foundation design for structures
References

Chapter 33 Geometric design

Introduction
Basic philosophy: the information  
Geometry issues
Junction design
Highway features  
A practical design
References

Chapter 34 Drainage design

Introduction
Elements of a road drainage system  
Initial design stages
Network analysis
Design of pollution control and flood prevention measures
Design of other elements
Design deliverables  
DMRB advice and guidelines
References

Chapter 35 Private developer projects

Introduction
The Highways Act and Approvals
Planning policy  
Car parking  
Shared spaces  
User requirements  
Highway design (or Design)
References

Chapter 36 Pavement design (highways)

Introduction
Foundation support  
Traffic loading
Structural layer design – flexible pavements
Structural layer design – composite pavements
Design for maintenance  
Selection of materials types  
References

Chapter 37 Pavement design (highways rigid)

Introduction
Typical concrete pavement types  
Detailing concrete pavements
Fibre-reinforced concrete
The surface finish  
Slip membranes  
Slip-road detailing  
Transition slabs
Pavement anchorages
Joint design and detailing  
Design methods Deterioration mechanisms and site construction problems  
Construction methods
Concluding remarks
Acknowledgements
References

Chapter 38 Pavement design (ancillary usage)

Industrial pavement design
Car parks and light access way design  
Sports surfaces
Playgrounds
Footways and cycleways
Public footpaths and other public rights of way (PROW)
Farm roads
References

Chapter 39 Analytical pavement design

Introduction
Development of pavement design  
Design development in the UK  
The AASHTO design method
Analytical pavement design principles  
Pavement modelling
Analytical evaluation of existing pavements  
Summary
References
 
Chapter 40 Unsealed highway construction

Introduction
Materials  
Performance and failure
Design
Construction
Maintenance
Environmental aspects
In-situ testing  
References

Chapter 41 Surface characteristics (noise)

Introduction  
Measurement of noise  
Traffic noise generation
Noise reduction
Traffic noise mitigation and compensation  
References

Chapter 42 Skid resistance

Introduction
Simple definitions relating to skid resistance  
Specification of skid resistance in the UK  
Measurement of skid resistance
Skid resistance measurement and device operation  
Skid resistance, water and surface texture
Skid resistance measurement devices used in the UK
The Wehner–Schulze Test
Skid resistance and type of aggregate
Future trends
Conclusions
References
 
Chapter 43 Sustainability

CONTENTS Introduction
Resource use, recycling and waste
Public transport, walking and cycling  
Adaptation to climate change
Assessment systems
Corporate responsibility  
References

Chapter 44 Environmental considerations

Introduction/key background information on topic
Environmental impact assessment (EIA)
Environmental assets – evaluating what you have  
Assessment of environmental effects  
Design considerations
Handover and long-term management  
References

Section 5: Highway materials and recycling

Chapter 45 Highway materials: an introduction


Introduction  
Foundation layers
Surface layers
Conclusion
References

Chapter 46 Unbound aggregates

Introduction  
Terminology  
Production  
Materials and specifications  
Testing
References

Chapter 47 Hydraulically bound mixtures for local roads
 
Introduction
HBM behaviour
Pavement design and specification
HBM for local authorities
References

Chapter 48 Roller compacted concrete

Introduction
Benefits of RCC
Common applications of RCC  
RCC mix proportioning
Mix design
RCC constituents
Quality control and test methods
Construction methodology
RCC properties
Conclusions
References

Chapter 49 Cold mix asphalt layers

Introduction
Cold mix asphalt mix design for plant mixtures
Cold mix asphalt mixing plant manufacture and installation  
Sustainability
References

Chapter 50 Hot mix asphalt layers

Introduction
Mixture types
Layers
Sustainability
Summary  
References

Chapter 51 Laying asphalts

Laying asphalt
Production and transportation of asphalts  
Paver laid asphalt
Surface regularity
Laying chipped hot rolled asphalt surface courses  
Weather conditions
Compaction of asphalts
Ironwork 510 Aftercare  
Quality assurance
Epilogue  
References

Chapter 52 Small element paving: design and construction

Introduction
Natural stone slabs, setts and concrete flags
Lightly trafficked pavement design  
Heavy duty pavement design
Ports and heavy duty pavement design  
Pavement overlay design  
Detailing and construction  
Permeable pavements
Edge restraints
References

Chapter 53 Surface treatments for highways

Introduction
Bitumen binders
Surface dressing  
Slurry surfacing/ microsurfacing (sometimes referred to as microasphalt)  
High friction surfacing (HFS)
Patching
Retexturing
Plant
Retread/repave
Stress absorbing membrane interlay (SAMI)
Imprinted surfaces
Surface preservation systems
The highway engineers toolbox – a concept
Guidance on using the highway engineer's toolbox
References

Chapter 54 Road markings

Introduction
The materials  
Application  
Performance requirements  
Testing and inspection methods
Quality control
Quality assurance  
References

Section 6: Maintenance planning and techniques

Chapter 55 Introduction and scope


Introduction
Factors affecting maintenance  
Balancing maintenance need and investment  
Maintenance funding  
Maintenance asset management systems  
Condition assessment
Associated legislation
References

Chapter 56 Maintenance policies

Introduction  
Policy framework
The wider context
Network management
Duty or desire?
Asset management
Sustainability and highway maintenance  
Issues to consider  
Policy framework
References
Appendix A  
Appendix B

Chapter 57 Maintenance types

Introduction
Cyclic maintenance
Planned maintenance  
Materials
Reactive maintenance
Reference

Chapter 58 The maintenance organisation

The basic shape of a maintenance organisation
Direct labour or contract
Contract types
Relationship between workforce size and winter maintenance  
Inspection regimes  
Training and development  
References

Chapter 59 Politics and public

Introduction
The political scene
Working with the public  
Dealing with the media
References

Chapter 60 The involvement and impact of the utilities

Introduction
Legislation
The coordination process  
Noticing rules
Work categories
Electronic transfer of notices (EToN)  
Permits
Restrictions following work activities
Inspections
Penalties
Industry organisations  
The impact of reinstatements on highway pavements
The research programme
Charging structures
Determining the cost of premature maintenance
Creating a charge structure
References


Chapter 61 Winter service and other weather emergencies

Introduction
Statutory basis
Policy
Winter service objectives
Winter Service Plan
Network hierarchy and route optimisation
Salt bins
Weather prediction and information  
Organisation and personnel
Facilities, vehicles and equipment  
Salt and other de-icing materials  
Information and publicity  
National intervention  
Sustainability and winter maintenance
Other weather emergencies
Issues to consider

Chapter 62 Financial management

Funding types
Dividing the pot  
Budget approval and the design process
Commitments,spend and target cost issues


Chapter 63 An introduction to asset management

Introduction
Asset management challenges
References

Chapter 64 Starting the process of asset management

Introduction  
What is asset management?
Getting started checklist
Getting ‘buy-in’ and support for asset management  
Putting the asset management foundations in place
Conclusions  
References

Chapter 65 Levels of Service

Introduction
Background  
Some definitions of Levels of Service
Use of Levels of Service  Developing Levels of Service
Levels of Service recommendations
Levels of Service statements
Who are the customers and stakeholders and what are the authority objectives?
Relationship between Levels of Service and authority objectives
Levels of Service and engineering standards
Suggested approach
Conclusions  
Acknowledgements
References

Chapter 66 Valuation of the assets

Introduction
The importance of transport asset management  
The accounting approach Developing and using financial information
Calculating depreciated replacement costs for a highway network
Depreciation processing and reporting requirements (DRC)  
Developing inventory components and groupings
References

Chapter 67 Lifecycle planning

Introduction
The lifecycle process
Objectives and policies
Inventory and condition data
ost of maintaining each group of assets  
Performance gaps
Demands and risks
Appendix A
Acknowledgements  
References

Chapter 68 Asset management strategy and risk management

Asset management strategy  
Investment strategy
Risk assessment
Introduction to the evaluation of risk in asset management  
Existing guidance
Simple steps to get started in risk management
Continuing improvement in the future  
Appendix A
Appendix B
Acknowledgements  
References

Chapter 69 Developments and conclusions

UK Pavement Management System  
Prioritisation of highway works and deterioration models
Working the highway data
Taking stock and annual reviews
Conclusion










 


 

 





 


 




 






 


 

 










 
 

 





 

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