Bringing together experts from research and practice, Shell Structures for Architecture: Form Finding and Optimization presents contemporary design methods for shell and gridshell structures, covering form-finding and structural optimization techniques
*** Featuring a Chapter by Pritzker Prize Winner Shigeru Ban ***
Bringing together experts from research and practice, Shell Structures for Architecture: Form Finding and Optimization presents contemporary design methods for shell and gridshell structures, covering form-finding and structural optimization techniques. It introduces architecture and engineering practitioners and students to structural shells and provides computational techniques to develop complex curved structural surfaces, in the form of mathematics, computer algorithms, and design case studies.
• Part I introduces the topic of shells, tracing the ancient relationship between structural form and forces, the basics of shell behaviour, and the evolution of form-finding and structural optimization techniques.
• Part II familiarizes the reader with form-finding techniques to explore expressive structural geometries, covering the force density method, thrust network analysis, dynamic relaxation and particle-spring systems.
• Part III focuses on shell shape and topology optimization, and provides a deeper understanding of gradient-based methods and meta-heuristic techniques.
• Part IV contains precedent studies of realised shells and gridshells describing their innovative design and construction methods.
Table of Contents
Contents On architects and engineers Sharing the same spirit
Part 1: Shells for Architecture
1. Exploring shell forms, John Ochsendorf, Philippe Block
2. Shaping forces, Laurent Ney, Sigrid Adriaenssens
3. What is a shell? Chris Williams
4. Physical modelling and form finding, Bill Addis
5. Computational form finding and optimization, Kai-Uwe Bletzinger, Ekkehard Ramm
Part 2: Form Finding
6. Force density method, Klaus Linkwitz
7. Thrust network analysis, Philippe Block, Lorenz Lachauer, Matthias Rippmann
8. Dynamic relaxation, Sigrid Adriaenssens, Mike Barnes, Richard Harris, Chris Williams
9. Particle-spring systems, Shajay Bhooshan, Diederik Veenendaal, Philippe Block
10. Comparison of form-finding methods, Diederick Veenendaal, Philippe Block
11. Steering of form, Axel Kilian Part 3: Structural Optimization
12. Nonlinear force density method, Klaus Linkwitz, Diederick Veenendaal
13. Best-fit thrust network analysis, Tom Van Mele, Daniele Panozzo, Olga Sorkine-Hornung, Philippe Block
14. Discrete topology optimization, James N. Richardson, Sigrid Adriaenssens, Rajan Filomeno Coelho, Philippe Bouillard
15. Multi-criteria gridshell optimization, Peter Winslow
16. Eigenshells, Panagiotis Michalatos, Sawako Kaijima
17. Homogenization method, Irmgard Lochner-Aldinger, Axel Schumacher
18. Computational morphogenesis, Alberto Pugnale, Tomás Méndez Echenagucia, Mario Sassone
Part 4: Precedents
19. The Multihalle and the British Museum, Chris Williams
20. Félix Candela and Heinz Isler, Maria E. Moreyra Garlock, David P. Billington
21. Structural design of free-curved RC shells, Mutsuro Sasaki The congeniality of architecture and engineering, Patrik Schumacher
22. The finite element method in a nutshell, Chris Williams
23. Differential geometry and shell theory, Chris Williams
24. Genetic algorithms for structural design, Rajan Filomeno Coelho, Tomás Méndez Echenagucia, Alberto Pugnale, James N. Richardson
25. Subdivision surfaces, Paul Shepherd Index Bibliography
List of Credits
List of Projects
List of Contributors