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Advanced Modeling Techniques in Structural Design



The successful design and construction of iconic new buildings relies on a range of advanced technologies, in particular on advanced modelling techniques. In response to the increasingly complex buildings demanded by clients and architects, structural engineers have developed a range of sophisticated modelling software to carry out the necessary structural analysis and design work.


  • ISBN: 978-1-118-82543-3
  • Páginas: 280
  • Tamaño: 17x24
  • Edición:
  • Idioma: Español
  • Año: 2015

Compra bajo pedidoDisponibilidad: 3 a 7 Días

Contenido Advanced Modeling Techniques in Structural Design

The successful design and construction of iconic new buildings relies on a range of advanced technologies, in particular on advanced modelling techniques. In response to the increasingly complex buildings demanded by clients and architects, structural engineers have developed a range of sophisticated modelling software to carry out the necessary structural analysis and design work.

Advanced Modelling Techniques in Structural Design introduces numerical analysis methods to both students and design practitioners. It illustrates the modelling techniques used to solve structural design problems, covering most of the issues that an engineer might face, including lateral stability design of tall buildings; earthquake; progressive collapse; fire, blast and vibration analysis; non-linear geometric analysis and buckling analysis . Resolution of these design problems are demonstrated using a range of prestigious projects around the world, including the Buji Khalifa; Willis Towers; Taipei 101; the Gherkin; Millennium Bridge; Millau viaduct and the Forth Bridge, illustrating the practical steps required to begin a modelling exercise and showing how to select appropriate software tools to

Table of Content

Table of Figure


Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 Aims and Scope
1.2 Main Structural Design Problems
1.3 Introduction of Finite Element Method
      1.3.1. Introduction of finite element method
      1.3.2. Finite element types
1.4 Conclusion

Chapter 2 Major Modelling programs and Building information modelling (BIM)

2.1 Fundamentals of Analysis Programs
      2.1.1. Selection of correct analysis packages
      2.1.2. Basic analysis procedures
2.2 Building Information Modelling (BIM) 2
2.3 Main Analysis Programs in current Design Practice
       2.3.1. Abaqus
       2.3.2. ANSYS
       2.3.3. SAP2000
       2.3.4. ETABS
       2.3.5. Autodesk robot structural analysis profesional
2.4 Major Draughting Program
       2.4.1. AutoCAD
       2.4.2. Autodesk Revit
       2.4.3. Rhino3D
       2.4.4. Bentley MicroStation
2.5 Method to Model Complex Geometry
       2.5.1. Import geometry into SAP2000
       2.5.2. Import geometry into ETABS
       2.5.3. Import geometry into Abaqus
       2.5.4. Set up model with Revit
Software and manuals

Chapter 3 Tall Buildings

3.1 Introduction 38
3.2 Structural Systems of Tall Buildings
       3.2.1. Gravity load resisting systems
       3.2.2. Lateral load resisting systems
3.3 Lateral Resisting Systems and Modeling Examples
       3.3.1. Moment resisting frames ( MRF)
       3.3.2. Shear walls
       3.3.3. Bracing systems
       3.3.4. Outrigger structures
       3.3.5. Tube structures and modelling example of the Willis Towers
       3.3.6. Diagrid structures and modelling example of the Gherkin
       3.3.7. Super frame ( mega frame ) structures and modelling example
3.4 Modelling Example of Burj Khalifa 6
       3.4.1  Model set up
       3.4.2. Analysis and result
3.5. Modelling example of Taipei 101 with tuned mass damper (TMD)
       3.5.1 TMD modelling
3.6. Conclusion

Chapter 4 Earthquake Analysis of Buildings

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Basic Earthquake Knowledge
       4.2.1  Categories of earthquake waves
       4.2.2. Measurement of earthquake
4.3 Basic Dynamic Knowledge
       4.3.1. SDOF
       4.3.2. SDOF under earthaqueake
       4.3.3. MDOF under earthaqueake
       4.3.4. Response spectrum
       4.3.5. Modal analysis
       4.3.6  Response spectrum from Eurocode 8
4.4 Modelling Example of the Response Spectrum Analysis using SAP2000
4.5 Time History Analysis and Modelling Example using SAP2000
       4.5.1 Fundamentals of time history analysis
       4.5.2.Modelling expample of time history analysis using SAP2000
4.6  Push-over analysis and modelling example using SAP 2000
       4.6.1. Introduction
       4.6.2. Modelling example of push-over analysis using SAP2000
Codes and building regulations
Software and manuals

Chapter 5 Progressive Collapse Analysis

5.1 Introduction
5.2 Design Guidance for Progressive Collapse Analysis
5.3 Risk Assessment
5.4 Design and Analysis Method
       5.4.1 Indirect design method
       5.4.2 Direct design method
       5.4.3. Selection of design method
       5.4.4. Structural analysis prodedures and acceptance criteria
5.5 Modelling Example of Progressive Collapse Analysis using SAP2000--Non-linear Dynamic Procedure
Codes and building regulations

Chapter 6 Blast and Impact Loading

6.1 Introduction
6.2 Fundamentals of Blast Loading
       6.2.1. Basic design principles
       6.2.2. Major blast attack regimes
       6.2.3. Blast load characteristics
       6.2.4  Principle of the scaling law
       6.2.5  Simplification of the blast load profile
       6.2.6  Material behaviours at high strain.rate
       6.2.7. Dynamic response and pressure impulse diagrams
6.3 Introduction of SPH Theory
6.4 Modeling Examples of impact loading analysis using Coupled SPH and FEA Method in ABAQUS?
      6.4.1 Modelling techniques
      6.4.2.Modelling example
Codes and building regulations
Softwares and manuals

Chapter 7 Structural Fire Analysis

7.1 Introduction 1
7.2 Basic Knowledge of Heat Transfer
7.3 Fire Development Process
7.4 Fire Protection Method
      7.4.1  Active system control
      7.4.2. Passive system control
7.5 Fire Temperature Curve
7.6 Determination of the Thermal Response of Structural Members
7.7 Structural Fire Design
       7.7.1 Fire safety design objetives
       7.7.2.Fire safety design framework
7.8 Major Modelling Techniques for Structural Fire Analysis
       7.8.1 Model set up
       7.8.2 CFD model
       7.8.3 Finite element method using the fire temperature curve
7.9 Modelling Example of Heat Transfer Analysis using ABAQUS
       7.9.1. Model set up
       7.9.2. Define the heat transferring parameters
       7.9.3. Analysis
       7.9.4. Model results
       7.9.5. Other type slabs
Building codes and regulations

Chapter 8 Space Structures

8.1 Introduction
8.2 Type of Space Structures
       8.2.1. Double layer grids
       8.2.2. Latticed shell structures
       8.2.3. Tensegrity domes
8.3 Design Load
       8.3.1  Dead Load
       8.3.2. Live load
       8.3.3. Temperature efecct
8.4 Stability Analysis of Space Structure
       8.4.1. Member buckling analysis
       8.4.2. Local buckling analysis
       8.4.3. Global buckling analysis
8.5 Modeling Example of a Single Layer Dome using SAP2000 (including global buckling analysis)
       8.5.1 Set up a 3D model in AutoCAD
       8.5.2. Import the 3D model into SAP2000
       8.5.3. Define load pattern
       8.5.4. Define load cases ( including global buckling  analysis )
       8.5.5. Run global buckling analysis
       8.5.6  Define load combination
       8.5.7  Analysis and result
       8.5.8  Auto-design module
8.6 Nonlinear Geometric Analysis of Tensegrity Structures
      8.6.1 The initial geometrical equilibrium ( form finding )
      8.6.2. Static analysis
8.7 Modeling Example of Tensigrity Dome using SAP2000 (Non-linear Geometrical Analysis)

Chapter 9 Bridge Structures

9.1 Introduction
9.2 Structural Types of Bridges
9.3 Structural Design of Bridge Structure
9.4 Design Loading
9.5 Modelling Example of Milau Viaduct using CSI Bridge
9.6 Modelling Example of Forth Bridge using SAP2000

Chapter 10 Foot Induced Vibration

10.2 Introduction to Vibration Problems in Structural Design
10.3 Characteristic of Foot Induced Dynamic Loads
10.4 Acceptance Criteria
10.5 Loading Representation of Foot Induced Vibration
        10.5.1.  Model set up
        10.5.2.  Simulation of pedestrian loads
        10.5.3.  Analysis of Millennium bridge before retrofit
        10.5.4.  Analysis of the Millennium bridge after retrofit
10.6 Modelling Example of Vibration Analysis for the Millennium Bridge using SAP2000 (Time Based Method)
        10.6.1  Prototype structure
        10.6.2. Modelling technique
        10.6.3. Analysis procedures and major Abaqus commands used in the simulation
        10.6.4. Analysis result interpretation
10.7 Modelling Example of Vibration Analysis of Hospital Floor using ABAQUS? (Frequency Based Method)    
10.8 Reference



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